Vehicle Driving Cycle Performance of the Spark-less DI-JI Hydrogen Engine

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International Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Pages: 
4702-4714
Volume: 
35
Issue: 
10
Date: 
Saturday, May 1, 2010
DOI: 
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2010.02.136

The paper describes coupled CFD combustion simulations and CAE engine performance computations to describe the operation over the full range of load and speed of an always lean burn, Direct Injection Jet Ignition (DI–JI) hydrogen engine. Jet ignition pre-chambers and direct injection are enablers of high efficiencies and load control by quantity of fuel injected. Towards the end of the compression stroke, a small quantity of hydrogen is injected within the spark-less pre-chamber of the DI–JI engine, where it mixes with the air entering from the main chamber and auto-ignites because of the high temperature of the hot glow plug. Then, jets of partially combusted hot gases enter the main chamber igniting there in the bulk, over multiple ignition points, lean stratified mixtures of air and fuel. Engine maps of brake specific fuel consumption vs. speed and brake mean effective pressure are computed first. CAE vehicle simulations are finally performed evaluating the fuel consumption over emission cycles of a vehicle equipped with this engine.

Rights: 
2010 Professor T. Nejat Veziroglu
Author Name: 
A. A. Boretti
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